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Title: Contribution of ridge type estimators in regression analysis
Authors: Jahufer, A
Keywords: Multicollinearity
Least square estimation
Restricted least square
Modified ridge regression
Restricted ridge regression
Issue Date:  10
Citation: Journal of Management. Volume II. No. 1. pp 72-72. October 2004.
Abstract: Regression Analysis is one of (he most widely used statistical techniques for analyzing multifactor data. Its broad appeal results from the conceptually simple process of using an equation to express the relationship between a set of variables. Regression analysis is also interesting theoretically because of the elegant underlying mathematics. Successful use of regression analysis requires an appreciation of both the theory and the practical problems (hat often arise when the technique is employed with real world data. In the model fitting process the most frequently applied and most popular estimation procedure is the Ordinary Least Square Estimation (OLSE). The significant advantage of OLSE is that it provides minimum variance unbiased linear estimates for the parameters in the linear regression model. In many situations both experimental and non-experimental, the independent variables tend to be correlated among themselves. Then inter-correlation or multicollinearity among the independent variables is said to be exist. A variety of interrelated problems are created when multicollinearity exists. Specially, in the model building process, multicollinearity among the independent variables causes high variance (if OLSE is used) even though the estimators are still the minimum variance unbiased estimators in the class of linear unbiased estimators. The main objective of this study is to show that the unbiased estimation does not mean good estimation when the regressors are correlated among themselves or multicollinearity' exists. Instead, it is tried to motivate the use of biased estimation (Ridge type estimation) allowing small bias and having a low variance, which together can give a low mean square error. This study also reveals the importance of the theoretical results already obtained, and gives a path for a researcher for the application of the theoretical results in practical situations. Keywords: Multicollinearity, Least Square Estimation, Restricted Least Square
ISSN: 1391-8230
Appears in Collections:Volume 2. Issue.1

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