### Abstract:

This work solves Helmholtz equation on a cubed sphere defined by Nasir (2007) and studies symmetric properties of the solutions. A partial differential equation of the form โ2𝐹 + 𝑘2𝐹 = 0, where โ2 is the Laplacian, 𝑘 is the wave number and 𝐹 is the amplitude is known as the Helmholtzโs equation. When 𝑘 = 0, this reduces to Laplaceโs equation. Both of these equations are two important partial differential equations those arise often in the study of physical problems involving in both space and time. Thus, solving Laplaceโs equation and Helmholtzโs equation have been attempted by researchers under various conditions. Objective of this work is to solve Helmholtz equation on a selected cubed sphere and study its symmetric properties. Helmholtz equation on sphere can be defined as ฮ𝑆𝑈 โ 𝜆𝑈 = 𝑟, where ฮ𝑆𝑈 is the Laplace-Beltrami operator.
For simplicity, we chose 𝑟 when 𝜆 = 1 such that the analytical solution of the
equation has the form 𝑈 = (1 + 𝑥𝑦) exp(𝑧). We, in an earlier paper, named each face of the cubed sphere as 𝑋+, 𝑌+, 𝑍+, 𝑋โ, 𝑌โ, 𝑍โ and assigned local coordinates . 𝑡1 and 𝑡2 for each plane. In this work, we proved, by our trial solution, that 𝑈𝑋+ = 𝑈𝑋โ and 𝑈𝑌+ = 𝑈𝑌โ and since ฮS is symmetric in 𝑡1 and 𝑡2, solutions of Helmholtz equation on the faces 𝑋โ and 𝑌โ have same expressions as those of 𝑋+ and 𝑌+respectively. However, solutions on the surfaces 𝑍+ and 𝑍โ are different as 𝑈𝑍+ , 𝑈𝑍โ are not comparable. This is because the 𝑧 coordinates for 𝑍+, 𝑍โ surfaces are different even though 𝑥𝑦 value remains same.